Australia has had remarkable success with saving species otherwise doomed to extinction – including the Kangaroo Island Glossy Black-Cockatoo, Norfolk
Island Green Parrot and Gilbert’s Potoroo.
Glossy Black-Cockatoos were headed for extinction twenty years ago. The ageing flock of 150 birds scattered among Kangaroo Island’s remaining casuarina trees was not being replenished by younger members.
A combination of research, investment and dedication revealed a previously unrecognised threat - possums. By protecting nest hollows with corrugated iron collars and trimming the foliage of neighbouring trees, nesting success was doubled. Today the population has nearly tripled, with a good chance of continued growth.
Australia’s success stories are worthy of celebration and study, and Project 6.4 will translate research lessons into concrete guidelines for recovery teams, explains Project Leader Professor Stephen Garnett.
“We’ll also learn from the failures - species have been lost that could have been saved. Christmas Island lost its last tiny pipistrelle bat in 2009, and the Bramble Cay native rat hasn’t been seen since 2007,” says Professor Garnett.
“We need to learn lessons from these extinctions - how did species fall through the safety nets of legislation and policy? What systems failed and why? How can we be sure further extinctions can be avoided?
“Monitoring the processes behind recovery may be just as important as monitoring threatened species. This includes pressures placed on individuals, the support mechanisms in place and even different world views - sometimes it is a fear of failure itself that has led to fatal inaction.
“As well as requiring top class science, effective leadership, local commitment, time and substantial investment – organisational governance, resourcing and leadership often appear to influence outcomes. How these interact should emerge over the coming year.”
One element sure to be discussed will be the makeup of successful recovery teams – whether they’re more likely to include advocates as well as managers, and the role NGOs with an interest in conservation can play in ensuring transparency.
Guidelines produced through this project will support the national Threatened Species Strategy by identifying improvements to the recovery process and ultimately increasing the chances of conservation success.
Image: Norfolk Island Parakeet (Cyanoramphus cookie) - (Flickr CC by David Cook).
It is Threatened Species Day on 7 September. If you are a threatened species in Australia, chances are you are on Indigenous-managed land, as it is the last stronghold for many species which have been lost from the wider landscape .
New research has found that habitat loss is a major concern for hundreds of Australian bird species, and south-eastern Australia has been the worst affected. The Threatened Species Recovery Hub study found that half of all native bird species have each lost almost two-thirds of their natural habitat across Victoria, parts of South Australia and New South Wales.
Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa (KJ) Rangers in the Martu Determination have collaborated with Threatened Species Recovery Hub scientists to design a monitoring program for mankarr (the greater bilby). Martu people identified priorities for the bilby monitoring program, then worked with Dr Anja Skroblin from The University of Melbourne to co-develop a monitoring method which brings together Martu knowledge and practice with Western conservation science.
I am a proud Murri from the Kamilaroi Nation in north-west New South Wales. I grew up in western Sydney on Darug land and now live in Canberra on Ngunnawal land.
A new project is aiming to increase city kids’ connections with nature, threatened species conservation and Indigenous culture. Dr Georgia Garrard from RMIT University talks about this project, which will see Wurundjeri Woi-wurrung Traditional Owners working with kids at Carlton North Primary School in Melbourne and Gunditjmara Traditional Owners working with kids at Heywood Consolidated School in western Victoria.