One of the things that struck Dr Anja Skroblin at the inaugural Ninu (Bilby) Festival was the connections between communities from opposite ends of the
country, through ancient stories and songlines about bilbies.
“There’s a connected cultural heritage going back thousands of years from Broome down through to the deserts of South Australia, and bilbies are an important part of that,” says Dr Anja Skroblin from The University of Melbourne, which is working in collaboration with The Nature Conservancy.
“Bilbies are one of many significant small animals for the Indigenous peoples of the Australian deserts, but unfortunately many of the other animals are now extinct.
“They used to be found across most of the country west of the Great Divide - in Adelaide, Perth, Victoria and throughout Queensland. But now they’re mainly found in the northern WA and NT desert, and one small part of Queensland, due to a range of threats such as livestock grazing, rabbits, feral cats, foxes and modified fire regimes.
“We estimate around 80 per cent of the remaining bilby population is on Indigenous land, and strong community engagement, as well as support for Indigenous groups to conduct land management is vital to stop further declines and conserve the species.”
Dr Skroblin joined more than 120 Indigenous rangers from 20 different ranger groups, scientists, philanthropic conservation organisations and key government representatives to share ideas and experiences and discuss the latest research conducted on managing bilbies.
“It was good to hear the monitoring priorities from the different Indigenous groups, learn more from their cultural stories about bilbies and also to support the twelve Martu ranger ladies I was accompanying,” says Dr Anja Skroblin.
Through the TSR Hub’s Project 3.2, Dr Skroblin is working with the Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa (KJ) and Martu people to combine western scientific and Indigenous ecological knowledge to monitor and ensure the survival of the bilby in the desert.
“Bilbies are notoriously difficult to monitor because they’re nocturnal animals, but they do leave signs of their presence in the form of tracks, scats, diggings and burrows,” she says.
“Martu and other Indigenous groups have an exceptional ability to read the signs on the landscape, and have incredible bilby tracking skills. From the tracks they can tell the size of the individual, what they were doing and how long ago they were there.
“The ranger teams work on country to manage cultural heritage and ecological values, and threatened species monitoring is one of their key activities. They’re working across enormous areas and will often camp out for weeks to undertake surveys in remote locations.
“We’re working together to develop a monitoring program that gives KJ more power to detect population trends. The ranger teams want to know whether the bilby populations are stable, declining or increasing.
“This will give the ranger teams better information to plan where they monitor, how many sites they need to visit and the effectiveness of their land management practices – which includes patchy fire regimes, feral cat hunting and even baiting in some places.
“Stories that came from different groups at the festival suggest bilbies are doing really well around Indigenous communities which undertake patchy mosaic burns.
“Mosaic burning is part of the traditional hunting and management methods Indigenous peoples have been applying for many thousands of years that suits the bilbies quite well, as it leaves them areas to hide from predators while creating food resources in newly burned areas.”
Another highlight of the festival was the attendance of Walkley Award winning cartoonist First Dog on the Moon, who documented his experience for The Guardian.
The hub is undertaking a nation-wide assessment of the conservation status of every Australian eucalypt species. To commemorate this achievement we are holding a photo competition to celebrate the beauty and diversity of Australia's eucalypts. Entries close 22 July 2019.
Do you have data on threatened or near-threatened Australian birds, plants or mammals? Please send it in by 15 June 2019 and it will be used to update Australia's first ever threatened birds index and to create indexes for plants and mammals by the end of the year.
Many of Australia’s possums and gliders are under threat. Good information about where different species are greatly assists conservation programs. Members of the public can play a valuable role in helping to collect this information in their own backyards, and surrounding parks and natural areas.
Red foxes are one of the greatest threats to Australia’s native mammals and pose a major risk to livestock. To combat this, Australia spends more than $16 million per year on red fox control, with much of that money directed to poison baiting.
An international study led by The Australian National University has found a fungal disease has caused dramatic population declines in more than 500 amphibian species, including 90 extinctions, over the past 50 years.