Unfortunately Christmas Island’s extremely unique ecosystem has experienced recent extinctions, with more species under threat.
“The cause of these declines is hard to determine because it could be so many things – the giant centipedes, wolf snakes, cats, rats or yellow crazy ants swarming the island,” says Doctor Eve McDonald-Madden from The University of Queensland.
“There are so many invasive species interacting - it’s amazing when you see a diagram actually showing all the threats.
“The Christmas Island flying fox has declined dramatically in recent years and the island’s lizards are also under threat. Of Christmas Island’s endemic lizards, there’s only the Giant Gecko left in the wild, with two other species surviving only in captivity - Lister’s gecko and the blue-tailed skink.”
Led by Doctor Eve McDonald-Madden and Professor John Woinarski, in close collaboration with Parks Australia, Project 2.3 will provide evidence and its interpretation to improve conservation outcomes on Christmas Island.
This will include whole-of-island spatial planning, strategies to support the eradication of feral cats and management of Christmas Island’s threatened flying fox and lizards.
“We’ll be working with the managers to develop and implement the project further. We’re also aiming to work with all of the island’s interest groups, including Parks Australia, the local Shire and other key stakeholders to develop a whole-of-island conservation assessment to help guide management priorities.
“There are already projects underway to manage cats on Christmas Island, supported by significant investment from the Federal and West Australian governments, and it’s possible that feral cats could be eradicated within two to five years.
“But this brings new challenges - cats are also a regulatory animal with other species (i.e. rats). If you remove them there’s the potential for other invasive species to increase in number which could end up being bad for native species. We’re now looking at monitoring and management options to help Parks Australia be on the front foot.
“It’s a complex environment because there’s so much uncertainty. We might think we know how giant centipedes interact with wolf snakes, but when you scale that up to understanding interactions between 20 different species, you need to use novel methods to make decisions.
“We also need to work out what to do with the two captive lizard populations and the best way to plan for their ultimate release back to the wild (on Christmas Island or elsewhere) in the future.
“Parks Australia has been very proactive in engaging with the research community to help inform their decisions. It’s a difficult place to manage as there are so many threats, many competing interests and difficult terrain, but the managers are striving for the best outcome for this spectacular place – hopefully we can help them with this goal.”
The four universities collaborating on this project are all offering different and necessary skills, explains Dr McDonald-Madden.
“The University of Melbourne is bringing its exceptional spatial analysis skills, and Charles Darwin University and the University of WA have a lot of expertise with threatened species.
“At the University of Queensland we’re bringing our expertise on modelling complex systems with uncertainty, and working closely with people who know a lot about management of cats to inform decision making in that really complex system.”
Karajarri Rangers are leading a Threatened Species Recovery Hub research project to investigate how different fire management approaches affect biodiversity. The first field trip took place in April this year, when a team of 16 rangers, support staff and scientists journeyed to the Edgar Ranges for eight days of wildlife monitoring. Hub researcher Sarah Legge worked with the rangers to compile this report from the field.
Cissy Gore-Birch is a member of the Threatened Species Recovery Hub’s steering committee and the Chair of its Indigenous Reference Group. The Indigenous Reference Group was established to assist hub leaders and project teams to strengthen the engagement and participation of Indigenous people in the hub’s activities and research projects. Cissy recently attended the Species of the Desert Festival on the Paruku Indigenous Protected Area, where she spoke about both threatened and culturally important species, and increasing the voice of Indigenous people in environmental policies and research.
Dr Sally Box, the Australian Government’s Threatened Species Commissioner, talks about the importance of working with Indigenous groups to conserve Australia’s threatened species.
Researchers from the Threatened Species Recovery Hub are calling on citizen scientists to help them learn more about Australia’s possums and gliders by recording sightings in a new, free app. Dr Rochelle Steven from the University of Queensland is passionate about Australia’s possums and gliders and believes people in the community can do a lot to help support conservation, especially in urban areas.
There are 27 different types of possums and gliders in Australia. They have a huge variety of sizes, shapes and appearances. We’ve compiled a profile on every species here. One quarter of our possums and gliders are listed as threatened under Australian environmental law. Help their conservation, be a citizen scientist: you can record sightings of possums from your local areas in the free 'CAUL Urban Wildlife App'.